Tag Archive: Deciduous

Florida Deciduous Fruit and Nut Crop Acreage Estimates by County

Florida Deciduous Fruit and Nut Crop Acreage Estimates by County

Photo credit: Doug Mayo

A dramatic 225% gain was recorded for blueberry acreace in Florida from 3,292 in 2002 to 7,377 in 2012. Photo credit: Doug Mayo

USDA Acreage Estimates of Deciduous Fruit and Nut Crops in Florida for 2002 and 2012

Peter C. Andersen and Kevin R. Athearn

Every 10 years USDA conducts a survey by county of the acreage of agricultural commodities for each state. Data for fruit and nut crops for 2002 and 2012 are listed below. The USDA denoted missing estimated data as “not quantified” (NQ). These NQ data were withheld from the USDA report because it was requested that they not divulge this information by county. Hence, the totals by county add up to much less than the USDA estimates. The USDA estimates for total acreage by commodity are therefore more accurate than the county data, especially for commodities that have many NQ listed.

The highest acreages were recorded for pecans and blueberries, followed by grapes and peaches. Most commodities showed an increase in acreage over the ten year period with the exception of chestnuts and persimmons which posted a 10 and 40 % reduction, respectively. The acreage of pecans changed little. A dramatic statewide gain was recorded for blueberry from 3,292 to 7,377 acres (225 %) over this 10 year period. Most of this industry growth was the increase in Southern highbush blueberries from south central Florida northward to Alachua County. Similarly, the increase in peach acreage (270 % increase) was due to the establishment of low chill peaches between Immokalee and Ocala. Blackberries posted a 270 % gain in acreage over this ten year period. In 2012, the total statewide acreage of olives, plums and pomegranates was less than 100 acres, although olives and pomegranates increased substantially from 2002 to 2012.

There is a group effort, currently underway, to gather information for 2015, although much of the data by county are fragmentary.

Click image to enlarge for easier reading.

Click image to enlarge for easier reading.

Click image to enlarge for easier reading.

Click image to enlarge for easier reading.

For more information on Blueberry and Peach production, please see the following UF/IFAS publications:

Florida Subtropical Peaches: Production Practices

Florida’s Commercial Blueberry Industry

 

PG

Author: Peter C. Andersen – pcand@ufl.edu


http://nfrec.ifas.ufl.edu

Peter C. Andersen

Permanent link to this article: http://franklin.ifas.ufl.edu/newsletters/2016/01/23/florida-deciduous-fruit-and-nut-crop-acreage-estimates-by-county/

Plant Deciduous Magnolias for their Spectacular Spring Flowers

Magnolia flowering has been exceptionally good this year. Mild temperatures have coaxed “Japanese” magnolias into bloom as much as 4 weeks early. Fortunately the absence of hard freezes (so far) has allowed us to fully enjoy magnolias’ beautiful flowering.

 

Most years we are not so lucky. Flowers are often damaged by late winter or early spring freezes. The best way to avoid such damage and enjoy a complete flowering season is to plant varieties that bloom later than most. If this year’s glorious magnolia flowers inspire you to add a magnolia or two to your garden, consider one of the following improved, later-blooming magnolia cultivars; all are generally available at better garden centers throughout the area:

 

‘Jon Jon’

‘Jon Jon’ has large buds that develop into goblet-shaped flowers the first day, gradually opening as wide as 12 inches in diameter (though 8 inches is more typical). Flowers are creamy white with a reddish-purple blush at the base. ‘Jon Jon’ grows into a small tree about 20 feet tall. Peak bloom in north Florida typically occurs March 2, based on 10 years of flowering data at the University of Florida research center in Quincy, Florida.

 

‘Jane’

‘Jane’ has red-purple buds that open into cup-shaped flowers 3 – 4 inches in diameter, pinkish-purple on the outside and white inside. It grows as a large rounded shrub or small rounded tree. Based on UF-Quincy data, peak flowering occurs March 17.

 

‘Ann’

‘Ann’ has rich, dark red-purple buds that open to red-purple flowers about 3 inches in diameter. A sister of ‘Jane’, ‘Ann’ similarly grows as a large rounded shrub or small tree. Peak flowering is March 20. Amazingly, ‘Ann’ produces flowers sporadically all spring and summer!

 

When purchasing a magnolia, look for a healthy plant with evenly spaced branches. A container-grown plant can be slipped out of its pot to inspect the roots. Healthy roots are yellow-white, whereas diseased roots are brown to black and often have a sour odor.

 

Magnolias prefer a spot in the garden that receives full sun to light shade, ideally with shade from the hot afternoon sun. If possible, avoid exposed, windy locations because strong winds can damage large flowers and the typically brittle branches. Magnolias grow best in moist, well-drained, slightly acid soils but neutral to slightly alkaline soils are also suitable for growth. Magnolias are adaptable to clay, loam or sand soils, but grow poorly in wet or poorly drained soils. Well-established plants can be moderately drought tolerant. Add a magnolia to your yard today and you can enjoy spectacular spring flowers for years to come!

 

For more information, visit http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ep453, ‘Jon Jon’ Magnolia: A Late-Flowering Deciduous Magnolia for Northern Florida, or  http://www.magnoliasociety.org/, the website of Magnolia Society International.

 

(Gary W. Knox, University of Florida/IFAS North Florida Research and Education Center, 155 Research Rd., Quincy, FL 32351; gwknox@ufl.edu)

PG

Author: Robert Trawick – rob.trawick@ufl.edu

Robert Trawick

Permanent link to this article: http://franklin.ifas.ufl.edu/newsletters/2013/02/08/plant-deciduous-magnolias-for-their-spectacular-spring-flowers/